Historical Review

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Armenian National Agrarian University, the only higher education institute in the agrarian sphere in Armenia, celebrated the 80th anniversary of its foundation in 2010. In 1994, in result of unification of Armenian Agricultural and Yerevan Zootechnical Veterinary Institutes, Armenian Agricultural Academy was founded. It should be mentioned that since the day of foundation both Armenian Agricultural and Yerevan Zootechical Veterinary Institutes have played a great role in promoting and developing agrarian sphere in the RA, as well as in preparing skillful and professional specialists for former USS Republics.1930, May 6 the authorities of Armenian Socialistic Republic made a decision to reform the Faculty of Agriculture of Yerevan State University into Agricultural Institute, which in the beginning had only 3 faculties.

Armenian Agricultural Institute

Taking into consideration already made suggestions, USSR Central Executive Committee and National Communist Council made a decision to establish Yerevan Agricultural Institute on the basis of Agricultural Faculty of Yerevan State University. In the beginning, about 50 lecturers lectured such as professors H. G. Gyulqevkhyan, Kh. A. Yeritsyan, P. B. Kalantaryan, A. Z. Tatamshev(Tamamshyan), A. G. Ter Petrosyan, N. A. Troitski, B. G. Masino, docents G. P. Grdzelyan, H. H. Akunyan. T. A. Jrbashyan, D. G. Hakobjanyan and others who had moved from YSU. In 1931, September, by the decree of director of Agricultural Institute H.Akunyan(Inorganic and Analytic Chemistry), H.A.Navatikyan(Physics), S.Aghamalyan(Anatomy and Physiology of Plants), A.G.Araratyan(Systematics and Morphology of Plants), A.G.Ter-Poghosyan(Zoology), V.Martirosyan(Historical Materialism), P.B.Kalantaryan(Agro Chemistry, Bacteriology and Land Reclamation), G.Kh.Aghajanyan(General Agriculture and Cotton Processing), M.G.Tumanyan(Private Agriculture) and G.P.Grdzelyan(Gardening and Horticulture) were reappointed in the position of head of chair. According to the same decree, A.G.Nersisyan, T.A.Jrbashyan, Kh.P.Mirimanyan, D.N.Babayan, A.Petrosyan, N.A. Malatyan, S.Avetyan, A.Vermishyan, S.S.Sahakyan were appointed in the position of docent, and E.M.Movsisyan, A.M.Hakobyan, A.Vardanyan, S.S.Khachatryan – in the position of acting docent. According to director’s 1932, February 28, N 118 decision, A.Arzumanyan was appointed as lecturer of Leninism. For the first academic year, there were three faculties in the Institute – Agricultural, Zootechnical, and Horticultural.

In order to meet the Republic’s demand, later faculties of Farm Mechanization(1942), Hydro Melioration(1951) and Agricultural Economy(1967) were established. In 1976 the Faculty of Personnel Qualification was established. Part-time education was organized in the Institute in 1932, at first, this type of education was available only for agronomist specialists, and then for all the remaining specialties. The first director of the Institute was S.I. Abovyan. He occupied this position until 1937. In the following years, the Institute was headed by H.H. Marjanyan (1937-1938, 1956-1967), A.M. Harutyunyan (1938-1940), Kh.P. Mirimanyan (1940-1942, 1953-1956), B.G. Martirosyan (1942-1953), A.S. Tovnasyan (1967-1978), M.A. Gyulkhasyan (1978-1994).

Most of the Institute graduates and lecturers’ names became well-known both in the Republic and outside, among them Academicians: A.A. Matevosyan and G.Kh. Aghajanyan, Professors: Kh. P. Mirimanyan, P.N. Hakobyan, E.M. Movsisyan, D.N. Babayan, S.S. Sahakyan, A.E. Margaryan, H.K. Panosyan, Kh.A. Khachatryan, H.V. Maksapetyan, M.A. Yesayan, Z.A. Melkonyan, A.H. Marukhanyan; Docents: P.K. Ter-Zakaryan, S.S. Khachatryan, etc. During the first years there were only 10 departments in the Institute, but further on their number reached up to 34. In 1938 there was Ph.D. Department, and since 1948 the Institute obtained the right of theses defense. The Institute had a rich library – the book fund made over 370 thousand items. Here large-circulation “Gyughatntes” newspaper was published, the first number of which was released in May 1958. During 64 years of its existence, the Institute gave over 23 thousand graduates and 450 Ph.D. students. Voluminous work was done in training professorate. At the Scientific Councils, there were 21 doctoral and 284 candidate theses defended.

Training the specialists was successfully combined with solving the main issues of theoretical and practical importance. Great success was achieved especially in getting new sorts of grapes and field crops, as well as their introduction, new effective kinds of pesticides and their testing, and also in improving technologies of crop cultivation, highland farming mechanization and in many other fields.

The research work carried out in the Institute was summarized in 53 collected works, over 5550 articles and 90 monographs. Besides, there were published 115 textbooks and manuals, about 800 popular scientific booklets. The staff got 165 author’s certificates and some of the inventions were patented by foreign countries. Under the resolution of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR, dating October 15, 1980, the Armenian Agricultural Institute was awarded by the Order of “Badge of Honour” for its great contribution to the development of agricultural sciences and training skillful specialists.

Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine

In the first half of the 1920s the stock-raising in the Transcaucasian countries was in a critical state, partly, there were no specialized institutions which could raise veterinary and animal breeding on a new level, protecting the population by controlling the zoonotic diseases, as well as work out and introduce new methods of controlling new infectious and non-infectious diseases, improve their breeding and productive abilities. Thus the time urgent requirement was to establish corresponding educational and scientific center.

On June 28, 1928, the Transcaucasian Countries Committee of All-Union Central Executive Committee adopted a resolution to establish Transcaucasian Veterinary Institute in Yerevan. On July 12 of the same year the organizational committee, People’s Commissar on land management A. Yerznkyan was assigned the chairman, started its activity. On September 18, under the first resolution of the Institute, Professor B.G. Masino was assigned to the position of the director of the Institute, and on November 8 the Institute gala opening ceremony took place, at which the political and party leaders of Armenia were present: A. Khanjyan A. Mravyan, S. Kasyan, R. Dashtoyan and others. At the gala opening the resolution of Transcaucasian Countries Committee of AUCEC was announced on naming the Institute of Veterinary Transfederation.

An interesting fact: in 1930 Professor Noller from Berlin Zooveterinary University, after he had visited to Yerevan Zoo-veterinary Institute, wrote in the magazine ‘Zentralblat Fur Bacteriology” magazine: “The Zoo-veterinary Institute of Transfederation is considered a significant institution in its kind. The foundation of that Institute should be referred to with utmost interest and care, as far as an advanced Higher Educational Institution in Armenian and unique in Transcaucasia is being established, which is considered a bridgehead for zoo veterinary science on the boundary of Turkey and Persia”(Part 1, volume 97, Berlin, 1930). Along with the development of agricultural sciences, the Institute has trained highly-qualified, skilled specialists not only for Armenia but also for Georgia, Azerbaijan, Dagestan, Central Asian republics.
In 1930 the Department of Animal Husbandry operated at Yerevan Agricultural Institute. On October 25, 1931, a decision was made to establish Yerevan Zoo-veterinary and Animal Husbandry Institute on the basis of the existing Zoo-veterinary Institute and the Department of Animal Husbandry, which later, in 1932 was renamed to Yerevan Zootechnical and Veterinary Institute. Such outstanding scientists, professors, skilled organizers of education and production sphere, dedicated personalities as B.B. Masino, S.M. Amirenski, S.A. Scherbakov, A.Z. Tamamshev, I.I. Kalugin, F.A. Mikhaylov, B.N. Mikhaylov, A.H. Kalantar, S.P. Ghambaryan, N.A. Trotski, B.A. Bitski, S.A. Veller, I.O. Bakhromeev, D.V. Znamenski, O.A. German, S.M. Yusbashyan, A.A. Bedelyan have an invaluable contribution to the founding and establishing the Institute. According to the admission plan for the first academic year, there were 130 seats for students: 25 – for Armenia, 35 – for Azerbaijan, 30 – for Georgia, 30 – for Northern Caucasus and Central Asia, and 10 – for the former soldiers. From the very start, the departments of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics have been formed at the institute, and in 1961 the department of milk and dairy produce engineering technology was established. The Part-time Education Institute was founded attached to the Institute in 1932, which was reorganized into Part-time Education Department in 1950. Since 1965 the extension department and 1969- the social sciences departments have been formed. In 1971 the preparation department was established.

The founder and the first rector of the Institute was B.G. Masino (1928-1937). Later the Institute was headed by H.P. Meghavoryan (1937-1939), M.H. Martirosyan (1939-1942), G.A. Shakaryan (1942-1955), G.V. Kamalyan (1955-1972), H.H. Sadoyan 91972-1978), G.H. Panosyan (1978-1983), M.S. Melkonyan (1983-1994). Different alumni and lecturers of the Institute have become outstanding and honored scientists, academicians correspondent members of the USSR and other Academies of Sciences, academicians of the Academy of Sciences of Armenia. Among them M.K. Chaylakhyan, A.Z. Tamamshev, H.K. Sarkisov, A.A. Rukhkyan, H.Kh. Bunyatyan, A.T. Babayan, H.K. Maghakyan, E.H. Davtyan, S.K. Karapetyan, Kh.E. Eritsyan, S.G. Ghazaryan, H.B. Boyakhchyan, M.S. Grigoryan, Z.K. Dilanyan, E.V. Kadilov, A.H. Manasyan, S.Sh. Sakanyan, N.A. Malatyan, M.A. Arakelyan, M.G. Karamyan, V.B. Voakanyan, M.S. Melikyan, G.S. Grigotyan and others. 22 graduates have been awarded the title of Honorary Veterinarian and Engineer of the Republic.

At the early stage there were several chairs at the Institute, but in 1989 their number reached up to 27. Since 1933 the Institute has had more than 350 PHD students. Throughout the years of the Scientific Councils existence 807 theses have been defended and awarded scientific degrees including 132 doctor’s degrees. The institute has had a very rich library, the literary fund of which has reached 225 thousand units during the recent years. In 1932 with interruptions, but since 1958 regular publication of the newspaper “For the Staff” started. The institute publishing house was founded in 1946. Throughout its existence the Yerevan Zooveterinary and Animal Husbandry Institute had 16717 alumni. The Institute’s scientists have carried out tangible scientific research work in the field of animal husbandry, veterinary medicine, dairy production. New high-yielding breeds and types of farm animals have been bred effective methods and remedies for diagnosis of animal diseases, prevention and treatment have been elaborated, new technological solutions for dairy production have been suggested.

The Scientific Research Centre was established in 1974, and patent and information service functioned as an adjunct body. The results of the scientific-research work carried out at the Institute have been summed up in 64 collected works, 4562 scientific articles, and 87 monographs. 144 textbooks and manuals, 148 science fiction booklets have been published and 136 author’s certificates have been granted.

Armenian Agricultural Academy, Armenian State Agrarian University, Armenian National Agrarian University

50 scientific conferences have been held on the scientific research works results, 16 of which were all-union and inter-institutional. According to July 7, 1994 resolution adopted by the Government of the Republic of Armenia the Armenian Agricultural Academy was founded on the basis of Armenian Agricultural and Yerevan Zooveterinary Institutes, which was later renamed into State Agrarian University of Armenia by the Government Resolution N1597, adopted on September 15, 2005. A.Ts. Khachatryan was appointed at the position of the first rector of Armenian Agricultural Academy (1994-1998) and since 1998 up to present the University is headed by A.P. Tarverdyan, correspondent member of the RA Academy of Sciences. In June 14, 2012 Armenian State Agrarian University was renamed into Armenian National Agrarian University by Government Resolution N 872. The Agrarian University being the unique state higher educational institution in the Republic is training skilled specialists in 37 fields according to three-level education system, which enables it to be integrated into the international educational system. Taking into account the peculiarities of agrarian education and the importance of gaining practical knowledge and skills, the RA Government has set the period of four years and eight months for getting Bachelor’s degree in all the specialties at the Agrarian University. The approaches are also different towards internships and pre-diploma internship; as compared with other higher educational institutions it is longer and more profound. In recent years such majors as “Commodity Research and Quality Expertise”, “Agribusiness and Marketing”, “Consultation in Agri-production System” have been tought at the University, which are unique not only on the regional level, but also on the level of agrarian universities of the CIS member countries. The number of full-time students is about 4400, in part-time education system there are about 5800 and at the college – 157students. In all the specialties of the first and second year of Master’s Studies Department 450 students are trained. The number of full-time and part-time Ph.D. students is 240, 200 of whom being students from the Islamic Republic of Iran and 4 students from Syria. The standards and curricula and syllabi meeting those standards have been worked out for all the specialties, which have been implemented since 2004-2005 academic year.

The structural sub divisions of Agrarian University with the available seven educational departments are agronomy, veterinary medicine and animal husbandry, farm mechanization and transport, food technology, water conservation, land tenure and land cadastre, economics, agribusiness and marketing, part-time education and agribusiness teaching departments agricultural college and lyceum, and branches in Stepanakert, Vandzor and Sisian. The structural sub-divisions of the research center are farm mechanizations, electrification, and trucking, food safety and biotechnology research institutes, pesticides, crops genetic fund, ecology concepts, viticulture and vegetable growing, veterinary medicine and veterinary expertise, agricultural animal nutrition, the molecular biology genetics and the laboratories of the science issues of the biotechnology, post-graduate courses, Master’s Studies Department, editorial publishing, credential boards and the science library. The structural sub-divisions of the general service department are accounting, staff and special army register, information and public relation boards, the office, economic administration, computer networks and technology service center, the university museum, Zartonk rest house, Balahovit and Voskehat experimental research economic units. Among local and international educational establishments the competent authority of the Agrarian University is ensured by the highly qualified faculty (out of 637 lecturers 60 are doctors and 310 – candidates of science).
In the University there are 5 professional doctoral degree awarding boards in the fields of agricultural production, mechanization and mechanisms, agronomy, veterinary science, animal husbandry, agricultural production, economics. The abovementioned boards award doctoral and candidate of science degrees in the 17 agrarian professions. The scientists of Agrarian University carry out a number of research projects in the field of protection and improvement of the genetic fund of valuable varieties of crops and breeds of agricultural animals, veterinary medicine, up-to-date agricultural machines and equipments design, new technologies of processing vegetable and animal raw material and products, ecological, water and land reclamation problems, testing of effective measures and development of measures against plant diseases, plant pests, and weeds, as well as in the field of problems in agrarian economics. In the last few years the University scientists have cooperated with several international educational structures and organized international scientific conferences. The library of Agrarian University is one of the oldest libraries in the Republic of Armenia. It has 550 thousand units of book fund of diverse scientific, educational and informational literature published in different countries.Supported by UNDP Food and Agriculture Organization the electronic library has been operating in the University library since 2004. The necessary conditions are created in several reading rooms equipped with current technological innovations to conduct scientific and creative work. The University is renowned for its zoo museum as well: the Zoo Museum is among the best museums in Europe. The large number of displayed specimen is of interest not only for students and scientists but also for general visitors. The ANAU history museum also has variety of exhibit units. Armenian National Agrarian University staff, entering the 9th decade of its foundation, creates its future with confidence, proudly accomplishing the important mission for our nation and state.