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Armenian National Agrarian University

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Unforgettable Soreness

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Step by step research areas were expanded and the Scientific Research Institute undertook the implementation of new projects; new selection methods and wine, brandy and fruit processing technologies were developed, various innovations were patented, on the bases of the new varieties of low-vigor rootstocks, 5000 ha of apple and pear tree intensive gardens were created, etc.
In 1980 there were about 950 grape varieties in Merdzavan Experimental Base and 200 varieties in Ijevan Experimental Base. In general, there were approximately 5000 grape varieties in the experimental bases of the Scientific Research Institute.
In 1977 Armenian Scientific Research Institute of Viticulture, Fruit Growing and Wine Making was awarded a Budge of Honour by the Presidium of USSR and a number of researchers received medals, decorations, diplomas and certificates.
In 1980 the Scientific Research Institute had 280 scientific and technical personnel and 13-14 PhD students. The Institute got 154 copyrights for new grape varieties among which 11 were given for the varieties meant for technical use (Azateni, Karmrahyut, Hadis, Armenian Muscao, Sevak, Taron, Tigran, Urartu, Karmreni, Meghrabuyr and Nerkarat varieties), 1 – for universal use (Muscao Susanna variety) and 8 for daily use (Aygezard, Arevashat, Kaputan, Masis, Merdzavan precocious, Yerevan Muscao, Shahumyan, Sasun, Tokun and Siranush varieties) (Plant varieties 2002, State register of the selection achievements, Yerevan, 2002) as well as it got more than 100 copyrights for fruit varieties: 2 - for apricot trees (Dima and Aragats varieties), 4 - for peach trees (Armine, Mashtoc, Byurakan and Oshakan varieties), 1 – for pear trees (Yelena), 4 – for quince trees (Alema, Ani, Ararat-1 and Araqs varieties), and 3 – for strawberries (Arevik, Rubine and Lori varieties) (Plant varieties 2002, State register of the selection achievements, Yerevan, 2002).

With the passing of time Armenian Scientific Research Institute of Viticulture, Fruit Growing and Wine Making gained international renown; various international and union conferences as well as methodological consultations referring to viticulture, fruit growing, wine and brandy production were held in the Institute.
In 1992, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union the Scientific Research Institute lived through a crisis. Merdzavan Experimental Base was privatized and 22 ha of a collection garden having 950 grape varieties were destroyed. In the same way the collection garden of fruit varieties was destroyed as well. All the bases and centers were also privatized - Nalbandyan Experimental Base was the only exception. The Scientific Research center lost its laboratories, factories and all the equipment.



 

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